SEBERAPA PENGETAHUAN ANDA TENTANG SEX? “berfikir lebih positif” 


Pentingnya Pendidikan Seks

Pada usia 10 – 14 tahun anak mulai mengalami perubahan fisik dan psikologis karena pubertas. Perlu kita tahu karena perbaikan gizi pada saat ini maka masa pubertas menjadi lebih cepat. Selain anak dan remaja mudah sekali mengakses informasi menyesatkan tentang seks dari bacaan, vcd porno, hand phone, internet.

Pendidikan seks di rumah itu akan membentuk karakter dan membentengi anak itu sendiri. Orang tua adalah pendidik seks yang penting. Pengajaran yang terbaik kepada seorang anak terjadi pada “Saat-saat yang tepat untuk mengajarkannya” ketika diskusi dan petunjuk terjalin secara alamiah dengan peristiwa dan kebutuhan kehidupan sehari-hari.

Pesan-pesan pertama merupakan pesan yang paling kuat. Jauh lebih kuat untuk membentuk pandangan anak tentang seksualitas sejak permulaan daripada mengoreksi penyimpangan-penyimpangan yang mereka ambil di dunia ini. Pesan-pesan yang tepat dan gamblang jauh lebih baik daripada pesan-pesan yang samar-samar dan tidak jelas

Orang tua harus mampu menjelaskan masalah seks sejak anak pra sekolah sesuai dengan tingkat pemahamannya. Saat pra sekolah misalnya anak balita bisa dijelaskan perbedaan laki-laki dan perempuan yang merupakan ciptaan Tuhan yang mulia. Selain juga menyebut organ seks dengan benar dan tak terkesan jorok/kotor. Usia SD orangtua bisa menjelaskan proses pembuahan dan pertumbuhan embrio, masa akil balik yang disertai mimpi basah dan menstruasi

.

diberikan kepada anak-anak yang sudah beranjak dewasa atau remaja, baik melalui pendidikan formal maupun informal. Ini penting untuk mencegah biasnya pendidikan seks Pendidikan seks atau pendidikan mengenai kesehatan reproduksi atau yang lebih trend-nya sex education sudah seharusnya maupun pengetahuan tentang kesehatan reproduksi di kalangan remaja. Berdasarkan kesepakatan internasional di Kairo 1994 (The Cairo Consensus) tentang kesehatan reproduksi yang berhasil ditandatangani oleh 184 negara termasuk Indonesia, diputuskan tentang perlunya pendidikan seks bagi para remaja. Dalam salah satu butir konsensus tersebut ditekankan tentang upaya untuk mengusahakan dan merumuskan perawatan kesehatan seksual dan reproduksi serta menyediakan informasi yang komprehensif termasuk bagi para remaja

Ada dua faktor mengapa sex education sangat penting bagi remaja. Faktor pertama adalah di mana anak-anak tumbuh menjadi remaja, mereka belum paham dengan sex education, sebab orang tua masih menganggap bahwa membicarakan mengenai seks adahal hal yang tabu. Sehingga dari ketidak fahaman tersebut para remaja merasa tidak bertanggung jawab dengan seks atau kesehatan anatomi reproduksinya.

Faktor kedua, dari ketidakfahaman remaja tentang seks dan kesehatan anatomi reproduksi mereka, di lingkungan sosial masyarakat, hal lain ditawarkan hanya sebatas komoditi, seperti media-media yang menyajikan hal-hal yang bersifat pornografi, antara lain, VCD, majalah, internet, bahkan tayangan televisi pun saat ini sudah mengarah kepada hal yang seperti itu. Dampak dari ketidakfahaman remaja tentang sex education ini, lanjut Sofyan, banyak hal-hal negatif terjadi, seperti tingginya hubungan seks di luar nikah, kehamilan yang tidak diinginkan, penularan virus HIV dan sebagainya.

Pendidikan Seks dalam kurikulum sekolah

Pendidikan seks mempunyai ruang pembahasan yang luas dan komplek. Pendidikan seks bukan hanya mengenai penerangan seks dalam arti Heterosexsual (seorang yang mempunyai keinginan seks hanya pada lawan jenisnya), dan bukan semata-mata menyangkut masalah biologis atau fisiologis, melainkan juga meliputi psikologi, sosio-kultural, agama dan kesehatan.

Dalam pendidikan seks dapat dibedakan antara sex instruction dan education in sexuality. sex instruction ialah penerangan mengenai anatomi, seperti tumbuhnya rambut pada ketiak dan sekitar alat kelamin, dan mengenai biologi dari reproduksi, yaitu proses berkembang biak melalui hubungan kelamin untuk mempertahankan jenisnya. Termasuk didalamnya pembinaan keluarga dan metode kontrasepsi dalam mencegah terjadinya kehamilan.

Adapun education in sexuality meliputi bidang-bidang etika, moral, ekonomi, dan pengetahuan lainnya yang dibutuhkan agar seseorang dapat memahami dirinya sendiri sebagai individual seksual, serta mengadakan hubungan interpersonal yang baik. Sex intruction tanpa educational in sexuality dapat menyebabkan promiscuty (pergaulan dengan siapa saja) serta hubungan seks yang menyimpang.

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    Mayoritas mereka beranggapan bahwa ‘say of about sex’ merupakan hal yang tabu.
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